ARGEŞ RIVER MIDDLE MEADOW

Argeş River Middle Meadow is a Natura 2000 site, ROSCI0106 code, in accordance with the Order no.1964/2007 of the Mini ster of Environment and Sustainable Development, ame nded by the Oder no. 2387/ 2011 of the Minister of Envi ron ment and Forests as part of the European Ecological Net work Natura 2000 in Romania and has an area of 3614 ha, with a characteristic relief for plain meadow.

 

Argeş River Middle Meadow site was declared a protected natural area of community interest, due to the presence of the following habitats and species:

Habitat types:

  • 91E0 * – Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa (black alder) and Fraxinus excelsior (Ash tree) species of Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae;
  • 91F0 – Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur (oak),Ulmus laevis (maple), Fra xinus excelsior (ash tree) or Fraxinus angustifolia (filed ash tree ), along the great rivers (Ulmenion Minoris);
  • 92A0 – water meadows with Salix alba (willow) and Populus alba (white poplar)

 

Species of mammals:

  • 1355 – Lutra lutra (otter, Lutravulgaris ).

Species of amphibians and reptiles:

  • 1188 – Bombina Bombina (fire-bellied toad)

Species of fish:

  • 1130 – Aspius aspius (rapacious carp);
  • 1149 – Cobitis taenia (grig);
  • 2511 – Gobio Kessler;
  • 1146 – Sabanejewia aurata.




From administrative-territorial point of view the area is located in Giurgiu county: Floreşti-Stoeneşti (<1%), Găiseni (8%), Vânătorii Mici (3%) and Dâmboviţa county: Corbii Mari (3%), Costeştii din Vale (6%), Găeşti (<1%), Mogoşani (12%), Mătăsaru (5%), Odobeşti (15%), Petreşti (10%), Potlogi (5%), Ulieşti (6%).

The site is an area of geomor phological boundary between two subunits of the Romanian Plain, namely Găvanu Plain at the West and Titu Plain at the East.

The Argeş Meadow is composed of materials transported and deposited by the river, characterized by a wide textural and mineralogical varia - tion. The texture of the de po sits is coarser near the river bed and increasingly finer towards the terrace.

The meadow vegetation along the river consists mainly of poplars, willows and a mixture of the two main species in varying proportions. We also meet clusters of alder and ash tree.

The presence of alluvial forest habitats such as the black alder, the ash tree and the white willow and white poplar meadows is an important feature of the site. The charac - teristic forest types are the common alder trees and the riverside coppice of common alder trees. The tree layer, com posed of common alder tree, exclusively or slightly mixed with ash tree, elm tree, black and white poplar, willow, common maple, has heights of 20 to 25 mat the age of 127 years. The edifying species is represented by the common alder tree (Alnus glutinosa).

Important for the Argeş River Middle Meadow is the resident population of fire-bellied toads (Bombina Bom bina). Characteristic for this species is the brightly coloured belly. The black colour is pre dominant. The ventral coloration is of warning, the species being particularly toxic. It is a diurnal species, mainly aquatic. To be noted that Bombina Bombina only multiplies in the water and is therefore completely dependent on water bodies.

Among the small species, of great importance for the site in terms of riverine fish species (species that spawn only in the water current) are: Aspius aspius, Gobio Kessler and Cobitis taenia (grig).

Aspius aspius is a predatory fish species belonging to the Cyprinidae family. It is protected by the Berne Convention for the endangered species and appears on the Red List of the International Union for Con servation of Nature (IUCN). In spring, during April-June, the rapacious craps migrate from lakes to rivers for spawning which set on stones, gravel and water plants.





 

Gobio Kessler is a species of small fishresiding in the site. It has a length of up to 16 cm, silver- gray colour, with bluish reflections on the sides, where one can see 8-9 large, oblong or square dark spots, sometimes forming a single stripe. In the meadow, it is widespread in areas with rocky substrate.

Sabanejewia aurata is a species of small fish , with a length of 5-10 cm and an overall brown-violet colour. It belongs to the Cobitidae family. It can be found on rocky beds and feeds on insects and larvae. The spawning period is during the months April – June.

The oer (Lutra lutra) is part of the Mustelidae family, Canoidea subfamily. It is related to other animals of the same family, such as: ermines, polecats, weasels, martens and badgers. It is a mammal adapted to aquatic life, very active at night and feeds on fish, frogs, crayfish and other aquatic invertebrates. Due to excessive hunting for its valuable fur, today the oer is an animal protected by law.